All the reports issued are confirmed for their receipt by telephone after 10 days, followed by fixing up of appointments for their counseling sessions on concurrence. Apart from routine Genetic Counseling Sessions in the centre, we also reach out to the villages to offer Genetic Counseling for the affected families. We offer the following Counseling services in Individual or group sessions.
Genetic counseling can offer many benefits for families living with Spinal Muscular Dystrophy. It can help parents in understanding the following
1. Cause and types of muscular dystrophy
2. Typical symptoms and course of SMA
3. Chance for the disorder to happen again in the family
4. Family planning options
5. Importance of carrier testing
6. Understanding the genetic test results and guidance towards any other necessary follow-up testing
Thus on the whole, genetic counseling can enlighten families on the importance of carrier analysis and pave way for effective reproductive counseling. It also helps families to deal with the disorder towards prevention.
Counseling starts with an introduction on the contents of counseling and what is genetic counseling. The parents are informed about the disorders, causes, incidence, progression of the disorder, diagnostic techniques, and treatments available at present and genetic inheritance pattern. They are informed about the possible and probable carrier status, chance of sporadic cases, the need and importance of carrier testing and prenatal diagnostic techniques available at present towards the identification and prevention of such disorders. The significance of Multidisciplinary care(MD Care) to maintain the quality of life of the affected children is also emphasized to the parents.
During individual counseling, patient’s reports are explained to the parents and their family members. Doubts and queries are answered. Importance of carrier testing is re-emphasized. The family pedigree is discussed for better understanding and individuals who require carrier testing are discussed and identified, following which, blood sample is collected after obtaining informed consent from them.
Counseling can help the affected and their families to cope better with the disorder. It can also enhance the quality of life. People are more likely to respond positively to every stage of the disorder after undergoing psychosocial counseling. It can reduce stress and the likelihood of developing mental health problems such as depression.
There are many different reproductive options for carrier families with a higher chance of having a child with Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy. During reproductive counseling, the parents are advised regarding the risks of having SMA child before or during pregnancy. They have also been informed about the availability of prenatal diagnosis that contributes towards the prevention.